Paper # 2 (30 points) -Motivation (800-1000 words)
(Read Harvard article; How do you motivate employees (Herzberg)
Some examples of theories: Maslow, BF Skinner (Reinforcement theory), Hertzberg (Two factor theory), Expectancy theory, Behaviorism, Attribution theory, Existentialism and the Hawthorne effect. You may discuss other theories from your research.
Discuss three different motivational theories and compare and contrast them. What are the benefits and drawbacks to each one? Which motivational theory do you think is the best for enabling internal motivation and why? Reflect on your experience. Avoid using quotes from the articles
Writing style and format requirements:
Writing should be proofread and free of spelling or mechanical errors.
Explain the concepts in your own words and use proper citations and references. Use personal voice e.g. I agree, I feel, I believe, etc. and real-life examples from your experience. Suggested format requirements: 800-1000 words +/-10%. Times New Roman, 12 font size, double space. Use references and in-text citations in APA format. This paper should have a minimum of 3 references, which includes the assigned case study and two other outside sources which further inform your understanding of motivation.
Make sure not to plagiarize. Plagiarism will result in a grade 0.
Students should show their ability to compare and contrast at least three theories and show how to apply them with real-life examples. Clear persuasive development of argument should show logical connection between the thoughts and examples.
The sources that you researched should discuss motivational theories. In depth analysis of the sources should show your ability to compare and contrast the theories, analyze implications of using different leadership approaches and apply the concepts on motivation to the real-life examples
Paper grading Rubric
A student displayed a high level of critical self-reflection and analysis, provided thorough explanations and examples of positive insights from their learning. The student displayed an ability to discuss substantial range of key ideas from the discussed sources and demonstrated his or her in-depth understanding of how this new learning can be applied to real life examples. Arguments are formed in a persuasive manner and show some original and creative ideas related to the assignment question. Writing is free of errors and follows APA style consistently.
External Incentives and Internal Motivation – a perfect pairing to boost work performance!